First Month Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a roller coaster ride which every woman likes to take. It is an adventure with the stages of growth and development which the body of a woman goes through along with the baby being nurtured in the womb.

 

As per the natural cycle, a baby spends 38 weeks in the womb but the pregnancy is counted as 40 weeks, from the first day of the last period and not the date of conception, which occurs two weeks later.

Pregnancy trimester  is divided as below:

  • The First Trimester – Week 1 to Week 12
  • The Second Trimester – Week 13 to Week 26
  • The Third Trimester – Week 27 to the end of the pregnancy

Week 1

Week 2

Week 3

Week 4

Table of Contents

First Week Pregnancy

Congratulations to the mother in you, finally the journey begins. Though you won’t actually conceive until week two or three which depends on the length of your period cycle. As you start with your first trimester, you’re getting used to the idea of being pregnant! 

 

Symptoms

 

Vaginal bleeding – Your body is shedding uterine lining, that was plumped up for a pregnancy

Lower back pain and cramps –  To release this lining, the uterus contracts, causing pain

Bloating – Fluctuating hormones can result in a bloated belly

Mood swings –  The hormone surges cause irritability and create havoc on emotions

Headache –  Women complain of menstrual migraines, also related to hormone-related. The things to help them ease are ice packs, OTC pain relievers and relaxation exercises

 

Body Changes

 

The first signs of pregnancy won’t come immediately, many women miss their period at week 4. Common early signs in the first weeks are breast soreness and tenderness along with nausea, fatigue and the frequent urges to pee.

You start thinking about how you can prep your body for the coming baby. It is good to start pregnancy at a healthy weight and stop bad habits such as smoking and drinking

 

 Baby Development

 

Baby is just an embryo presently with two layers of cells from which all the organs and body parts will develop. Growing quickly, soon it is going to be the size of a kidney bean. The heart is going to start beating quickly

 

Tips for you

 

⦁ Reduce your caffeine intake
⦁ Stop unhealthy habits like smoking and drinking
⦁ Take a prenatal vitamin with folic acid daily
⦁ Take Vitamin D supplement
⦁ Avoid foods to protect from infections

2 Weeks Pregnancy

The period will be finished and you might start ovulating. So, you’re actually not pregnant but you are close! If you’re trying to get pregnant, check for signs of ovulation and have plenty of sex around the time you expect to ovulate

 

Symptoms

 

Cervical mucus – It becomes thin, clear and stringy, helping sperm travel towards egg

Sense of smell – Hormonal changes enhance your ability to pick up different scents

Breast soreness or tenderness – It occurs due to hormone surges associated with ovulation

Pelvic ache – You might feel a little twinge in one side of your abdomen as your ovary released an egg

Light spotting – A small tinge of red or brown on your underwear is seen which is common, but do inform your doctor if its heavier or if its bothersome

Increased sex drive – A higher libido is common during ovulation

Cervical changes – If you check the cervix regularly, you notice it becomes higher, softer and more open during ovulation

 

Body Changes

 

The period has finished by now and one of the ovaries is getting ready to release an egg. The ovaries are also producing lots of oestrogen which kick-starts the important changes in your body

⦁ The fallopian tubes and  cervix start producing ‘fertile mucus’, protecting sperm along its way

⦁ A new lining called the endometrium starts growing in uterus as the fertilized egg will be in the endometrium

⦁ By the end of this week, the ovary is ready to release the egg and it is called ovulation.

 

 Baby Development

 

It sounds strange, but you’re still not pregnant! Fertilization of egg by sperm will take place near the end of this week.

The baby’s gender will be determined at the time of fertilization. Out of the 46 chromosomes that make up a baby’s genetic, only two known as sex chromosomes, one from the sperm and one from the egg will determine the baby’s sex.

Every egg has an X sex chromosome while a sperm can have either an X or Y sex chromosome. If the sperm that fertilizes the egg has an X chromosome, it will be a girl while if it’s a Y chromosome, it will be a boy

 

Tips for you

 

⦁ Time your sex, as you are in the most fertile part of your cycle
⦁ Relax, take care of yourself and enjoy the process
⦁ Drink lots of water and eat healthy
⦁ Take prenatal vitamin with folic acid daily

3 Weeks Pregnancy

Sperm met the egg last week; conception happened and made a baby! Yet its early and you may have no idea that you’re actually pregnant. Some people may feel no difference others may start to notice 3 weeks pregnancy symptoms

 

Symptoms

 

The symptoms may not have appeared yet as most early pregnancy symptoms are caused by pregnancy hormones, and you don’t have a very high level of those in your body yet. Some signs at 3 weeks are

Implantation bleeding – You may have a bit of spotting as the fertilized egg buries into the lining of your uterus

Nausea – Some feelings of nausea are so bad that it makes you puke. Morning sickness could be all-day sickness

Breast changes – The breasts start to get  sore and nipples darken they start prepping to make milk

Missed period – If your cycle is shorter than 28 days, you may realize toward the end of this week that you are pregnant, make sure is to take a  pregnancy test

 

Body Changes

 

You may feel a bit bloated but the belly doesn’t show by this time. Most pregnant women don’t start to show until around week 12 or later.
Before you start eating for two, doctors recommend most women gain one to five pounds total in the first trimester

 

 Baby Development

 

You may not feel that you’re pregnant yet, you have a baby growing inside you!

The fertilized egg goes through a process of cell division which begins about 30 hours after fertilization dividing into two cells, then four cells, then eight, and continues to divide moving from the fallopian tube to the uterus. As it reaches the uterus, this group of cells looking like a tiny ball, is called a morula

The morula becomes hollow, filling itself with fluid and is known as a blastocyst. Near the end of this week, it will attach itself to the endometrium, the lining of the uterus called implantation. The endometrium provides the nutrients and removes wastes and slowly this implantation will develop into the placenta

It sounds strange, but you’re still not pregnant! Fertilization of egg by sperm will take place near the end of this week

The baby’s gender will be determined at the time of fertilization. Out of the 46 chromosomes that make up a baby’s genetic, only two known as sex chromosomes, one from the sperm and one from the egg will determine the baby’s sex

Every egg has an X sex chromosome while a sperm can have either an X or Y sex chromosome. If the sperm that fertilizes the egg has an X chromosome, it will be a girl while if it’s a Y chromosome, it will be a boy

 

Tips for you

 

⦁ Be patient
⦁ The first morning pee is the most concentrated and most likely to have a high enough concentration of hCG for the test to detect.
⦁ Continue taking care of yourself with prenatal vitamins every day,regular moderate exercise and self-care.
⦁ Eat well by focusing on foods that are high in calcium and iron to help support the extra blood your body is making.

4 weeks pregnancy

Sperm met the egg last week; conception happened and made a baby! Yet its early and you may have no idea that you’re actually pregnant. Some people may feel no difference others may start to notice 3 weeks pregnancy symptoms

 

 

Symptoms

 

You might be completely worn out and feel like you need a nap due to fatigue which is one of the main symptoms of early pregnancy,

Bloating – It occurs due to progesterone and is normal

Mild cramping – Cramping is a sign that baby has properly implanted in the lining of your uterus. However, if severe cramping, tell your doctor

Spotting –  It can be as a result of implantation. But if it’s a lot of blood or lasts for more than a couple days see the doctor.

Mood swings – It is mostly because of your fluctuating hormones

Morning sickness – This is normal

 

Body Changes

 

Your body is gearing up to develop a baby in it and all women are different in their experiences as their body types are different.
Remember not to compare yourself and do as per the recommendation of your doctor. Be comfortable in your own body and let it grow.

 

 Baby Development

 

Baby is already undergoing important development and is smaller than a poppy seed known as blastocyst. Baby’s building blocks spine, brain and backbone, are already formed. The amniotic sac and fluid are forming protective cushioning. At a 4 weeks ultrasound, it just looks like a tiny dot, called the gestational sac.

 

 

Tips for you

 

⦁ Don’t shy away from looser clothing styles
⦁ You may experience aversions to certain foods, smells and textures then start the day with a snack and ask your partner to help prepare food.
⦁ Continuing to take your prenatal
⦁ Both you and baby need vitamin D to support calcium absorption and build healthy teeth and bones.
⦁ Get creative by sneaking healthy foods into yummy snacks

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